“More than 50% of the global population lives in the cities. Modern cities are, unarguably, our engines of economic growth and wealth creation, as well as enduring human institutions for self-actualization through employment generation. However, when not properly managed, the manner in which this process occurs may well undermine the dynamism, equity and sustainability as well as prosperity.
The rapid industrialization of China has led to unprecedented level of urbanization in China. Since 1978, the urban population has increased by about 500 million. Such a level of internal migration from rural areas to the cities is unprecedented, and has coincided with the emergence of its economic might. The opportunities and challenges posed in the wake of such rapid urbanization in China offers valuable lessons for a country like India.
The State of China’s Cities 2012/2013 is a collection of contributions from UN Habitat, China Science Centre of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences, China Association of Mayors and Chinese Society of Urban Planning. The collection of articles give details of urbanization process in China, urban housing construction, urban environment, urban infrastructure, disaster reduction, community and social services, urban planning etc.
This publication captures new initiatives taken by the central and local governments of China to make the life of rural migrants equitable to those of urban residents in terms of security of employment, education, pension, medical care and housing; programme to build 36 million flats for low income families in cities between 2011 to 2015, consolidate institutions for disaster reduction and prevention, expansion of poverty reduction programmes in rural China, and efforts to build and demonstrate low carbon eco cities and communities. Understanding these programmes and policies can provide useful knowledge and lessons to many cities in India and around the World.”
PDF: http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.aspx?nr=3404&alt=1 (112 pages, 3.7 MB)